- Dr Mark Winskel
- Senior Chancellor's Research Fellow on Energy Innovation
- F3 Chisholm House High School Yards Edinburgh UK EH1 1LZ
- +44 (0)131 651 4086
- Research Interests
- Sociology of energy innovation, expertise and interdisciplinarity, sociotechnical system change, energy policy and politics, research-policy exchange, energy organisations and institutions, innovation systems
My research interests cover three related themes:
Scenarios and models of change in socio-technical systems
I have longstanding expertise in energy system change, notably through my work for the UK Energy Research Centre. Since 2014 this has been applied across governance scales, especially in the flourishing Scottish policy arena. At a time of contested energy futures this is an area of high policy relevance. My work here is aimed at interrogating the social and technical norms and values encoded in scenarios and modelling, using mainly document analysis and interview methods. Research Outputs here include:
- M. Winskel (2016) ‘From optimisation to diversity: Changing scenarios of UK buildings heating’ in D. Hawkey, J. Webb, D. McCrone, H. Lovell and M. Winskel. Sustainable Urban Energy Systems, pp.68-90, Routledge / Earthscan, London. Working paper version available here
- J. Watson, R. Gross, I. Ketsopoulou and M. Winskel (2015) 'The Impact of uncertainties on the UK's medium-term climate change targets', Energy Policy, 87, 685–695. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.02.030
- M. Winskel, ‘The political economy of energy infrastructure futures in Scotland and the UK’, paper in preparation for submission to Energy Research and Social Sciences.
Interdisciplinarity, expertise and research-policy exchange
Interdisciplinarity is a key issue in energy and climate change research, but is often invoked instrumentally and uncritically. I am interested in articulating a more critical and reflexive approach. While I have been a ‘practising interdisciplinarian’ for many years, I have only recently developed critical social science expertise on this topic. My outputs here have included:
- M. Winskel (2017) ‘The pursuit of interdisciplinary whole systems energy research: Insights from the UK Energy Research Centre’, accepted for publication in Energy Research and Social Science, September 2017
- M. Winskel, I. Ketsopoulou and T. Churchouse (2015) UKERC Interdisciplinary Review: Research Report, UK Energy Research Centre, London (peer reviewed)
- M. Winskel (2014). 'Embedding Social Sciences in Interdisciplinary Research: Recent Experiences from Interdisciplinary Energy Research' Science as Culture 23(3): 413-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09505431.2014.926150
Energy innovation systems and dynamics
I have a longstanding interest and track record of research on energy innovation systems, which combines innovation theory and energy technologies and systems. I have made a number of original theoretical and empirical contributions to this area, and my work has been recognised by bodies such as the UK Committee on Climate Change and the Energy Technologies Institute; my outputs here include:
- M. Winskel and J. Radcliffe (2014), ‘The rise of accelerated energy innovation and its implications for sustainable innovation studies: a UK perspective’, Science and Technology Studies, 27, 1, 8-33.
- M. Winskel, J. Radcliffe, J. Skea and X. Wang (2014) ‘Remaking the UK’s Energy Technology Innovation System: from the margins to the mainstream’ Energy Policy 68, 591–602 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.01.009
- M. Winskel, N. Markusson, H. Jeffrey, C. Candelise, G. Dutton, P. Howarth, S. Jablonski, C. Kalyvas and D. Ward (2014) 'Between Learning Rates and Innovation Studies: Learning Pathways for Emerging Energy Supply Technologies', Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 81, 96–114, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.10.015
I'm based in the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies group in the School of Social and Political Science at the University of Edinburgh, but I also work with the UK Energy Research Centre and ClimateXChange, Scotland's national centre for expertise on climate change.
My research involves drawing on concepts from Science, Technology and Innovation Studies (STIS), to address energy research and energy system change. I also study interdisciplinarity in energy research. My past role as national Research Co-ordinator for the UK Energy Research Centre involved initiating, supporting and leading interdisciplinary collaborations on energy research problems. I led a review of interdisciplinary research achievements and lessons in Phase 2 of the UK Energy Research Centre to help inform Phase 3 UKERC research from 2014.
My research work in Phase 3 UKERC (2014-19) involves developing possible pathways of energy system change, drawing on UKERC's interdisciplinary research programme. I also support UKERC's policy engagement and research-policy exchange efforts in Scotland.
In my Chancellors Fellowship on Energy innovation (2014-19) I am developing further research on interdisciplinarity in energy, research-policy exchange, and the role of experts and institutions in energy policy and research.
I also work for ClimateXChange on energy policy and research issues.
I have an interdisciplinary educational background, with degrees in physical, environmental and social sciences.
Academic Journal Papers
M. Winskel (2017) ‘The pursuit of interdisciplinary whole systems energy research: Insights from the UK Energy Research Centre’, accepted for publication in Energy Research and Social Science, September 2017
Watson, J., R. Gross, I. Ketsopoulou and M. Winskel (2015) 'The Impact of uncertainties on the UK's medium-term climate change targets', Energy Policy, Energy Policy, 87, 685–695 http://10.1016/j.enpol.2015.02.030
R. Williams, S. Liff and M. Winskel (2015) ‘The Politics of Innovation for Environmental Sustainability: Celebrating the Contribution of Stewart Russell (1955–2011)
M. Winskel (2014). 'Embedding Social Sciences in Interdisciplinary Research: Recent Experiences from Interdisciplinary Energy Research' Science as Culture 23(3): 413-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09505431.2014.926150
M. Winskel, J. Radcliffe, J. Skea and X. Wang (2014) 'Remaking the UK's energy technology innovation system: From the margins to the mainstream', Energy Policy, 68, 591-602, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.01.009
H. Jeffrey, A. McGillivray, M. Winskel and I. Bryden (2014), ‘Innovation and Cost Reduction for Marine Renewable Energy: a Learning Investment sensitivity analysis’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 87, 108-124, DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.11.005
M.Winskel, N. Markusson, H. Jeffrey, C. Candelise, G. Dutton, P. Howarth, S. Jablonski, C. Kalyvas and D. Ward (2014) 'Between Learning Rates and Innovation Studies: Learning Pathways for Emerging Energy Supply Technologies', Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 81, 96–114, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.10.015
Candelise, C., Winskel, M. & Gross, R (2013) The dynamics of solar PV costs and prices as a challenge for technology forecasting. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 26, p. 96-107, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.05.012
H. Jeffrey, B. Jay and M. Winskel (2013) ‘Accelerating marine energy: Exploring the prospects, benefits and impacts, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80, 1306–1316, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.03.004
C. Candelise, M. Winskel and R. Gross (2012) 'Implications for PV technologies of indium and tellurium scarcity' Progress in Photovoltaics, 20, 816-831
L.Hudson, M. Winskel and S. Allen (2011) The hesitant emergence of low carbon technologies in the UK: the micro-CHP innovation system', Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 23, 3 March 2011 , 297 - 312 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2011.550396
A. Mukora, M. Winskel, H. F. Jeffrey and M. Mueller (2009) Learning curves for emerging energy technologies, Proceedings of the ICE - Energy, Volume 162, Issue 4, November 2009 https://doi.org/10.1680/ener.2009.162.4.151
M. Winskel (2007) ‘Renewable Energy Innovation: Collaborative Learning and Intellectual Property’. International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Vol. 27, No. 4, 472-491. DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2007.014868
M. Winskel, A. McLeod, R. Wallace, R. Williams (2006) ‘Energy Policy and Institutional Context: Marine Energy Innovation Systems’, Science and Public Policy, Vol. 33, No. 5, 365-376, June 2006. https://doi.org/10.3152/147154306781778939
Books, Book Chapters
M. Winskel (2016) ‘From optimisation to diversity: Changing scenarios of UK buildings heating’ in D. Hawkey, J. Webb, D. McCrone. H. Lovell and M Winskel Sustainable Urban Energy Systems, pp.68-90, Routledge, London. A working paper version is available here
M.Winskel (2012) 'Carbon Capture and Storage: A Disruptive Innovation for Innovation Theory' in N. Markusson, S. Shackley and B. Evar Shaping the Future of CCS: Understanding Carbon Capture and Storage Systems and Knowledge from Social Science Perspectives, Taylor and Francis, London
J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
M. Winskel, G. Anandarajah, J. Skea and B. Jay (2011) 'Accelerating the Development of Energy Supply Technologies:The Role of Research and Innovation' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (2011) 'UK Energy Policy and Institutions' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
J. Skea, X. Wang and M. Winskel (2011) UK Energy in an Era of Globalization: Trends, Technologies and Environmental Impacts in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
P. Ekins, M. Winskel and J. Skea (2011) 'Putting It All Together: Implications for Policy and Action' in J. Skea, P. Ekins and M Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
M. Winskel (2007) ‘Multi-level Governance and Energy Policy: Renewable Energy in Scotland’ in J. Murphy (ed.) Governing Technology for Sustainability. London. Earthscan, pp182-199.
J. Skea, P. Ekins and M. Winskel (eds.) (2011) Energy 2050: Making the Transition to a Secure Low-Carbon System, Earthscan, London
Working Papers, Policy Papers and Consultancy Reports
Low, R., M. Winskel and A. Kerr (2017) CXC consultation response: Draft Scottish Energy Strategy: The future of energy in Scotland, ClimateXChange, Edinburgh
M. Winskel, D. Hawkey and R. Bolton (2014) ‘UK Energy System in Transition: Technology, Infrastructure and Investment’, UK Energy Research Centre / Edinburgh Centre for Carbon innovation, April 2014
M. Winskel, I. Ketsopoulou and T. Churchouse (2014) UKERC Interdisciplinary Review: Synthesis Report, UKERC Working Paper, London
M. Winskel (2013) ‘Energy Independence and Interdependence: a Workshop on Scotland’s Energy Future’, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation / UK Energy Research Centre, December 2013
M. Winskel (2013) ‘Energy and People: attitudes, behaviours and policies’, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation / UK Energy Research Centre, December 2013
H. Jeffrey and M. Winskel (2010) 'The Opportunity and Challenge for Ocean Energy as part of Energy System Decarbonisation: the UK Scenario' International Energy Agency, IEA-OES Annual Report 2009.
N. Markusson, B. Jay, M. Winskel and R. Bellingham (2010) Governing Decarbonisation in Scotland: Exploring the Transitions Options Report for the Scottish Government, Scottish Institute for Advanced Studies, Glasgow.
Winskel, M., N. Markusson, B. Moran and H. Jeffrey (eds.) (2009) Accelerated Development of Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies (2009) UKERC Research Report, London.
M. Winskel and B. Moran (2008) 'Innovation Studies and Low Carbon Innovation: Recent Theoretical and Empirical Developments', report for the Carbon Trust, London.
M. Winskel (2007) 'Renewable Energy Networks and Clusters', report for One North East, Newcastle and Ove Arup, London.
Book Reviews, Magazine Articles, Blogposts
M.Winskel, C. Candelise, H. Jeffrey and B. Jay (2010) 'How to Accelerate the Development of Renewable Energy' Energy World, November 2010
M. Winskel (2007) 'Governing Technology by Intellectual Property Rights' review of Intellectual Property Rights: Innovation,Governance and the Institutional Environment edited by Birgitte Andersen, in Science and Public Policy, July 2007, 450-452
M. Winskel (2007) Review of 'Energy and culture: perspectives on the power to work', by Brendan Dooley (Ed.) in Science of the Total Environment 376 (2007) 359–360
M. Winskel (2006) 'Taking the Initiative' Energy Engineering May / June 2006, 37-39
Topics interested in supervising
I am interested in supervising PhD applicants on topics related to energy innovation and system change, energy policy and energy expertise and organisations, especially from a STIS (Science, Technology and Innovation Studies) analytical perspective.
If you are interested in being supervised by Mark Winskel, please see the links below for more information: