James Lowe
Name
Dr James Lowe
Title
Research Fellow
Organisation
Science Technology and Innovation Studies School of Social and Political Science
University of Edinburgh
Address
2.07 Old Surgeons' Hall High School Yards Edinburgh UK EH1 1LZ
Telephone
+44 (0)131 6502 842
E-Mail
Genomics History of science History of biological sciences variation Translation biotechnology Philosophy of science philosophy of biology

After completing my undergraduate degree in Biological Sciences in 2006, I worked in education and the pharmaceutical industry. In 2009, I developed my interest in the historical and conceptual aspects of biology by completing an MA in History and Philosophy of Biology at the University of Exeter.

My PhD research concerned the American biologist Edmund Beecher Wilson (1856-1939) and the role of normal development in his early work in experimental embryology. I have presented on Wilson and on normal development and its role in experimental systems in biology, and have published articles based on this research which examines the place and significance of biological variation in current scientific questions, methods and theory.

From October 2015 to July 2016 I worked on a project concerning in vivo skills in animal research, funded by the British Pharmacological Society and based at the University of Exeter. I was the lead author of the report produced as a result of this project. Building on my interest in scientific practice, I am currently interested in translational research, and this forms a key part of the new project I am working on here at University of Edinburgh, on the history of the pig genome mapping and sequencing initiatives:

Medical translation in the history of modern genomics (TRANSGENE)

The translation of basic biomedical research into clinical practice has become a central concern for science policy. Policies to foster translation are being applied to large amounts of genomic information available in open-access databases. This information is the result of concerted initiatives that, in the early 2000s, determined the full genetic sequence that characterises humans and other organisms. However, when the initiatives started the goal of determining the full sequence and making the resulting information available was not universally supported. The TRANSGENE project will investigate how and why this objective of completing the sequence was adopted in preference to other models that prioritised the usability of the data. Combining archival research with interviews and insights from social studies of science and Innovation Studies, my focus is on the projects to map and then sequence the genome of the domesticated pig, Sus scrofa domesticus.

Principal investigator: Miguel García-Sancho
Funded by the European Research Council

Publications

Journal Articles:

2016: "Normal development and experimental embryology: Edmund Beecher Wilson and Amphioxus". Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Vol. 57: 44-59. [Pre-proof copy]

2015: "Managing variation in the investigation of organismal development: problems and opportunities". History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s40656-015-0089-3. [Pre-proof copy]

2015: "Book review: 'Science in the twentieth century and beyond' by Jon Agar". New Genetics and Society, Vol. 34 No. 3: 338-340.

Reports:

December 2016: (with Collis M, Davies G, Leonelli S, Lewis DI and Zecharia AY) "An evaluation of the Integrative Pharmacology Fund: Lessons for the future of in vivo education and training". London, UK: British Pharmacological Society. [Online copy]

Encyclopaedia Articles:

2016: "Human Genome Project as a Social Enterprise". In: eLS [Encyclopaedia of the Life Sciences]. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005650.pub2 http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0005650.html .

2015: "‘Amphioxus, and the Mosaic Theory of Development’ (1893), by Edmund Beecher Wilson". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2015-03-31). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/8312.

2014: "‘Experimental Studies on Germinal Localization’ (1904), by Edmund B. Wilson". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2014-12-22). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/8272.

 

Latest Blog Posts

Exploring pig genetics in France

Name Exploring pig genetics in France Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone At the end of November, I followed in the footsteps of many of the pig geneticists whose work I have been researching, and visited the Jouy-en-Josas campus of the French Institut national … (Read more)


Advisory Board Meeting and Second Phase of Project

Name Advisory Board Meeting and Second Phase of Project Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone First Advisory Board meeting The TRANSGENE team presented its first findings to an Advisory Board comprised by Stephen Hilgartner (Cornell University), Robert Bud (Science Museum, London), Michel Morange (University … (Read more)


The unusual pioneer of the Human Genome Project

Name The unusual pioneer of the Human Genome Project Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone When we think about prime-movers, proposing for the first time the idea of scientifically tackling the human genome, the usual suspects come to our mind: reputed biomedical Nobel Prize … (Read more)


TRANSGENE on tour

Name TRANSGENE on tour Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone …at the British Society for the History of Science conference Amongst the sizeable Edinburgh contingent at the annual British Society for the History of Science conference, this year held in York, were representatives from … (Read more)


June events

Name June events Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone The TRANSGENE project operates within the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies (STIS) subject group at the University of Edinburgh. This multidisciplinary affiliation, and association with the Institute for the Study of Science, Technology and Innovation … (Read more)


Classifying people, practices and institutions

Name Classifying people, practices and institutions Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone Just as classifications of species, genes, stages of development, or macromolecules can shape research in biology, classification in the humanities and social sciences can condition our analyses. In the pig strand of … (Read more)


The yeast telomeres

Name The yeast telomeres Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone Writing the history of the yeast genome project starting from the end, more precisely the chromosome ends, can be an instructive exercise. Chromosome ends (telomeres) are specialised structures essential for chromosome maintenance and genome … (Read more)


Collaborating with the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI)

Name Collaborating with the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone In March 2017, I am conducting a three-week visiting post-doctoral fellowship at the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI, Cambridge UK), for the bibliometric and “big data” strand of the project. I … (Read more)


The history of pig genome research enters the matrix

Name The history of pig genome research enters the matrix Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone In the TRANSGENE project we are committed to using approaches from different disciplines to make sense of the historical material, and to generate new data from which to … (Read more)


Tracing the history of European biotechnology in the HAEU

Name Tracing the history of European biotechnology in the HAEU Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone My week-long visit to the Historical Archives of the European Union (HAEU) in Florence has proved to be a remarkable opportunity for investigating the ‘behind the scenes’ of … (Read more)


Scientific archives and the history of genomics

Name Scientific archives and the history of genomics Title Organisation School of Social and Political Science University of Edinburgh Telephone In November 2016 Miguel Garcia-Sancho, James Lowe and I attended the Workshop on Scientific Archives organised by Anne Flore-Laloë, archivist at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg. The … (Read more)